Pemanfaatan Elektrik Bioretensi dalam Menurunkan Kadar Escherichia coli dan Total Bakteri Koliform Sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Air pada Drainase Perkotaan

Main Article Content

Endah Lestari


Rapid development in a watershed affects surface and ground water sources. Urbanization results in increased environmental pollution and groundwater pollution. Best water resource management practices are Low Impact Development (LID) such as bioretention, vegetative swales, permeable pavements, and rainwater wetlands have been implemented to reduce the adverse effects of urbanization such as flooding by reducing peak runoff on the surface and thereby managing rainwater runoff. The purpose of this study was to analyze microbial contamination in wastewater originating from city drainage channels. The research was carried out experimentally by taking water in Item River, Kemayoran directly and put it in an electric bioretention tank. The rain-wastewater-bioretention (RWB) tank is in the form of a watertight tank measuring 60 cm in diameter by 80 cm in height with a medium of 50 cm, leaving 30 cm to provide space and time for standing water during infiltration time. The results of the water taken on the 2nd day through Bioretention carried out laboratory testing with the scope of Microbiological analysis of Environmental Health Quality Standards, Escherichia coli levels decreased from 17 APM/100 ml to 9 APM/100 ml. In addition, total Coliform levels from 2800 APM/100 ml to 270 APM/100 ml.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Lestari, E. (2021). Pemanfaatan Elektrik Bioretensi dalam Menurunkan Kadar Escherichia coli dan Total Bakteri Koliform Sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Kualitas Air pada Drainase Perkotaan. KILAT, 10(2), 249 - 260.


[1] V. Elysia, “Air Dan Sanitasi : Dimana Posisi Indonesia,” Peran Mat. Sains, dan Teknol. dalam Mencapai Tujuan Pembang. Berkelanjutan/SDGs, pp. 157–179, 2018.
[2] A. Sucheran and R. Sucheran, “Green roofs and stormwater runoff quality in the urban landscape in South Africa,” vol. 2, pp. 176–196, 2021.
[3] K. Exall and T. D. Vassos, “Integrated urban water management: Water use and reuse,” Metrop. Sustain. Underst. Improv. Urban Environ., pp. 319–349, 2012.
[4] P. L. Hidup, R. Hasibuan, M. Si, D. Tetap, and S. Labuhanbatu, “Rosmidah Hasibuan ISSN Nomor 2337-7216,” vol. 04, no. 01, pp. 42–52, 2016.
[5] X. Li, Z. Liu, C. Wang, T. Yu, and F. Zhou, “The study of bioretention applications for sustainable urban stormwater management in cold climates,” Proceedings, Annu. Conf. - Can. Soc. Civ. Eng., vol. 1, no. June, pp. 535–542, 2012.
[6] C. Jiang, J. Li, H. Li, and Y. Li, “Experiment and simulation of layered bioretention system for hydrological performance,” J. Water Reuse Desalin., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 319–329, 2019.
[7] J. Liu, D. J. Sample, C. Bell, and Y. Guan, “Review and research needs of bioretention used for the treatment of urban stormwater,” Water (Switzerland), vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1069–1099, 2014.
[8] R. A. N. N. Chavez, “No Title,” 2000.
[9] K. M. DeBusk and T. M. Wynn, “Storm-Water Bioretention for Runoff Quality and Quantity Mitigation,” J. Environ. Eng., vol. 137, no. 9, pp. 800–808, 2011.
[10] P. Shrestha, S. E. Hurley, and B. C. Wemple, “Effects of different soil media, vegetation, and hydrologic treatments on nutrient and sediment removal in roadside bioretention systems,” Ecol. Eng., vol. 112, no. August 2017, pp. 116–131, 2018.
[11] A. Mahmoud, T. Alam, M. Yeasir A. Rahman, A. Sanchez, J. Guerrero, and K. D. Jones, “Evaluation of field-scale stormwater bioretention structure flow and pollutant load reductions in a semi-arid coastal climate,” Ecol. Eng. X, vol. 1, no. April, p. 100007, 2019.
[12] S. De-Ville, D. Green, J. Edmondson, R. Stirling, R. Dawson, and V. Stovin, “Evaluating the Potential Hydrological Performance of a Bioretention Media with 100% Recycled Waste Components,” Water, vol. 13, no. 15, p. 2014, 2021.
[13] A. . Fallis, “Bioretention systems,” J. Chem. Inf. Model., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 1689–1699, 2013.
[14] W. Ali, H. Takaijudin, K. W. Yusof, M. Osman, and A. S. Abdurrasheed, “The common approaches of nitrogen removal in bioretention system,” Sustain., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 1–17, 2021.
[15] M. Shafique, “A review of the bioretention system for sustainable storm water management in urban areas,” RMZ-M&G, vol. 63, pp. 227–236, 2016.
[16] R. Mabvouna Biguioh, S. B. B. Adogaye, P. M. Nkamedjie Pete, M. Sanou Sobze, J. B. Kemogne, and V. Colizzi, “Microbiological quality of water sources in the West region of Cameroon: Quantitative detection of total coliforms using Micro Biological Survey method,” BMC Public Health, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2020.
[17] V. Beloti et al., “Evaluation of PetrifilmTM EC and HS for total coliforms and Escherichia coli enumeration in water,” Brazilian J. Microbiol., vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 301–304, 2003.
[18] Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI No. 32 Tentang Standar Baku Mutu Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Persyaratan Kesehatan Air. 2017, p. 31.
[19] A. W. Hasbiah, L. Mulyatna, and W. R. Pahilda, “Penyisihan Total Coliform Dalam Air Hujan Menggunakan Media Filter Zeolite Termodifikasi, Karbon Aktif, Dan Melt Blown Filter Cartridge,” Infomatek, vol. 21, no. 1, 2019.
[20] Y. wei Sun, C. Pomeroy, Q. yun Li, and C. dong Xu, “Impacts of rainfall and catchment characteristics on bioretention cell performance,” Water Sci. Eng., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 98–107, 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.