KILAT <p style="text-align: justify;">KILAT is a scientific journal published by Sekolah Tinggi Teknik PLN. KILAT Journal is published twice in one year in April and October and contains the results of research in the fields of Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Civil Engineering and Information Engineering, Law and Economics related to studies in the field of Renewable Energy, Electricity, Telecommunications, Control Systems , Electronics, Architecture, Computer Systems, and Information Systems.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">KILAT is a scientific journal has been&nbsp;<strong>Accredited&nbsp;</strong>by the&nbsp;<strong>National Journal Accreditation</strong>&nbsp;(ARJUNA) managed by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia with Class Four (<strong>SINTA 4</strong>) from 2018 to 2022 in accordance with the Decree<strong>. No. B/3693/E5/E5.2.1/2019.</strong></p> <p style="margin-bottom: 0in; line-height: 150%;" align="justify"><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">T</span></span><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">he journal registered in the CrossRef with </span></span><strong><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Digital Object Identifier&nbsp;(DOI)&nbsp;prefix</span></span></strong><span style="font-family: Times new roman, serif;"><span style="font-size: medium;">: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>10.33322</strong></span></a></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>P-ISSN:&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2089-1245</a>,</strong><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;</strong><strong>e-ISSN:<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">&nbsp;2655-4925</a></strong></p> Sekolah Tinggi Teknik - PLN en-US KILAT 2089-1245 Pengaruh Non-Probability Sampling Batubara terhadap Parameter Dry Ash Antara Certificate of Analysis Loading dan Unloading <p>Umpire test (referee test) may be conducted by the coal supplier based on the potential loss due to the difference Certificate of Analysis (COA) in both ports (loading and unloading). The purpose of the research was to determine a comparison of COA from non-probability sampling compiled with standard. The research method used quantitative methods by collecting COA data on both ports. These data on the receipt of coal was obtained from a coal-fired steam power plant (PLTU). A Sampling at both ports was conducted by the non-probability sampling method. The assumption was determined that the sample preparation and analysis process had complied with the American Standard Testing and Material (ASTM) standards. The ratio of ash (dry basis) in both COA to its average was processed statistically by taking confidence intervals with a confidence level of 95%. This research showed that the ratio was in the range of 10.213% up to 16.793%, exceeding precision 10% as required by ASTM D2234-16. Therefore, the comparison of COA data from non-probability sampling, could not be used as a reference for the doubt of the work of independent surveyors e.g. COA unloading, then it is technically that umpire test could not be conducted by such comparison.</p> Denny Murdany Muchsin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 1 8 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.722 Perencanaan Sistem Pengelolaan Sampah Di PT PLN (Persero) Unit Pendidikan Dan Pelatihan <p><em>The source of waste produced by PT PLN (Persero) UPDL Tuntungan comes from offices and classrooms, mess and dormitories, parks and roads as well as dining rooms. We need a good waste management system planning for optimisation existing waste treatment. The research objective is to calculate the generation and composition, plan operational techniques and waste management schemes. The method of measuring the generation and composition of waste uses SNI 19-3964-1994. The results of the study showed that the solid waste generation based on the maximum capacity produced was 210.10 kg/day or 1,752.23 l/day with the composition of the solid waste produced as a whole of food remaining 11.20%, wood and plant waste 65.07%, fabric/textile 1.59%, rubber 1.26%, plastic 10.80%, metal 0.75%, glass, 1.14%, paper 5.34%, tissue 1.29%, and styrofoam 1, 56%. Garbage operational techniques that will be planned starting from storage using a 20L bin will be divided into 5 types, namely organic, plastic, paper, etc. and hazardous and toxic materials, and placed 1 container of 120L size garbage for trash from the dining room. Collection and transfer using 660L depot transfer. Transporting garbage using a 1 m<sup>3</sup> garbage motor to the TPS for further composting and sorting. For garbage that still has a sale value, it is sold to pelapak and the residual waste is taken to the landfill.</em></p> Randy Zulkarnain Robby Fiqry Maulana Netti Herlina Lies Setyowati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 9 17 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.747 Pembuatan Prototype Smart Power Strip Berbasis Mobile <p><em>Controlling electrical equipment within a certain time frame is one thing that is quite important. By controlling existing equipment in the house such as air conditioning, TV, fans, etc. It is often found that some electrical tools that survive are not used, in addition to waste also shortens the life of the electrical appliances. Therefore we need control and supervision of electrical devices using intelligent power strips. IoT or commonly known as the internet from things that are concepts that are intended to get the concept of the benefits of internet connectivity that is connected continuously. This concept can be used for monitoring and controlling electrical equipment that connects smart electrical terminals or power strips. By using an electrical terminal device that is paired with a system and module that can be controlled using a smartphone. Android is one of the many smartphone OSes that can bridge or facilitate all human work, one of which is in terms of control, which functions from this android as a remote control media that can be accessed by electronic devices in the home and certainly has connected first with the IoT module. This study discusses making smart sockets or smart power strips that can be rotated using a smartphone so that any electrical equipment can be used on users who do not use home.</em></p> Andi Dahroni Muhammad Fadli Pratama Eka Putra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 18 27 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.752 Short Term Load Forecasting Menggunakan Metode Koefisien <p><em>Electrical energy has a very important role in national economic growth. With the electrical energy requirements, it is necessary to operate an economical, reliable and quality system. The creation of a template for operating load forecasting for the Java-Bali system uses a coefficient method to calculate weekly loads, daily loads, and loads per ½ hour which is more user friendly. After this Load Forecasting template is applied, the result is a more efficient load deepening in terms of file size and time, and is more effective with the results of the calculation of electric energy (1.71%), electricity load (0.85%), and load factor 79% from planning data and manual realization.</em></p> Yosefin Yosefin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 28 35 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.761 Radiolink Microwave Sebagai Infrastruktur Telekomunikasi Sistem SCADA <p>Expansion of the electrical network and substation makes a demand of the telecommunication channel for SCADA system is high. Telecommunication infrastructure which operates based on Power Line Carrier (PLC) can not provide adequate supply. Therefore, It needs new media to fulfill the demands of the telecommunication channel for SCADA System. Selection methods will be done by comparing technical and non-technical aspects of various telecommunication media that operates in the PLN network. One of suitable&nbsp; media is microwave radiolink. With high capacity and bandwidth, microwave radiolink can be the backbone of SCADA System</p> Suhardhika Sih Sudewanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 36 42 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.767 Implementasi Metoda Coaching Pada Feedback Assessment Untuk Menurunkan GAP Kompetisi <p><em>To prepare the ability of human resources, HR competencies are needed that are suitable both in terms of hard competency or soft competency. In order to develop themselves, they must know what are their strengths and weaknesses. The means to find out the strengths and weaknesses of PLN itself is carried out by individual feedback mechanisms. After participating in the assessment activities, employees will be given the results of the assessment. Notification of the results of the assessment is given verbally which usually includes feedback. In individual feedback, it will be told about what are the strengths, what are the weaknesses and how to reduce the competency gap they have. During this time the way to reduce the competency gap is given directly by the feedbacker. There is one method so that feedbackee (who is given feedback in this case the user who has followed the assessment) is easy to implement how to close the gap, that is, if the way to close the gap is out of the ideas of the asesee themselves, of course with the guidance of the feedbacker who knows the science of how to eliminate the gap competence. The method that matches the above method is the coaching method. The results obtained using the coaching method in the feedback assessment activities become a more effective solution to reduce the competency gap.</em></p> Primiarna Primiarna ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 43 48 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.776 Peningkatan Batas Aman Induksi Elektromagnetik Saluran Udara Tegangan Ekstra Tinggi (SUTET) 500 kV Bagi Kesehatan Manusia Berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri ESDM No. 18 Tahun 2015 Juncto No. 2 Tahun 2019 <p><em>The Development of Extra High Voltage (EHV) overhead power lines ( SUTET 500 kV) has become a national issue because based on several studies worldwide that shown residents who living next to power lines could increase the risk of their health problems. Therefore, there were huge protests from residents in Singosari and Gresik in 1991. The protest also happened in 2004, in which residents from </em><em>Sumedang, Bogor, Cianjur,</em><em> and </em><em>Majalengka</em><em> marching to Presidential Palace in Jakarta altogether. As a consequence, PLN and Faculty of Engineering of Gajah Mada University in 2005 developed collaborative research to identify HV and EHV required clearance of distance. This research refers to the WHO standard which determines the maximum of magnetic and electric field allowed, also refers to the Ministry of Mineral and Energy Resources Regulation No.</em><em>01.P/47/M.PE/1992</em><em> which determines the minimum clearance distance between HV/ EVH bottom conductor with the ground as the safety levels&nbsp;concerning human exposure to&nbsp;electromagnetic&nbsp;fields.</em></p> <p><em>As the enactment regulation of the Ministry of Mineral and Energy Resources No. 18 of 2018 and its amendment No.2 of 2019, the regulation of HV, EHV, and also HVDC (High Voltage – Direct Current) free space and required clearance distance is determined. This research describes the comparison between PLN-UGM collaborative research with both Ministry regulation mentioned above.</em></p> Lolita Adhyana Joedo Ivan Prasetyo Darmawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 49 56 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.780 Online Objective Test Untuk Meningkatkan Layanan Unit Pelaksana Assessment Centre <p><em>Organizational changes in the PLN environment have an impact on business functions, one of which is the addition of new positions, both structural and functional. This condition influences the increasing number of assessment requests. Therefore it is necessary to make an effective service strategy to be able to provide fast and accurate services for users of assessment services. Online objective test as a solution to the problem. The analysis was carried out using the SWOT method and Weighted Ranking Decision. This test provides a significant efficiency for PLN in terms of time and cost. Also, PlN also has exclusive psychological testing material and is protected from copyright infringement, reduces the risk of leakage of test material, and enhances the company's image.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Febriana Sariati Marpaung ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 57 65 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.781 Respon Vibrasi Overall dan Temperatur Komponen Mesin Terhadap Misalignment Axial <p><em>Misalignment is one of the problems that often occurs in rotary equipment. In this paper, the observation was done to the rotary machine model in response to changes of axial misalignment by using vibration meter and infrared thermography camera. The model was a machine series, consisting of electric motor and disc which was connected by 3 Jaw flexible coupling. The shafts were positioned into several axial misalignment conditions to see the effect on the overall vibration value and its component temperature. The result of vibration observation showed that under certain conditions, by increasing shaft misalignment then the overall vibration value tends to decrease. With the decrease of overall vibration value, the machine condition was not in better condition. This was indicated by observing the temperature of the components in this condition, which showed the opposite fact. As misalignment increases, the temperature of the engine components also increases.</em></p> Andi Kurniawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 66 73 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.782 PLN Organizational Leaders Manajemen Talent sebagai Strategi Pengelolaan Human Capital <p><em>The high demands of customers on the reliability of the quality of electric power to the government's efforts to meet electricity needs through the 35,000 MW Program pose a serious challenge to PLN. The crucial condition of the distribution section is the spearhead of PLN in preparing leaders who understand the culture and business challenges. PLN has not used a character approach to place employees according to the Type of Position that has different job demands and characters. The problems faced by PLN in implementing talent management, the difficulty in determining talent in the right position (the right man in the right place) with the target of preparing future leaders 25% of the total 49,100 employees to PLN as an Organizational Leader. The PESTEL Analysis method that considers strategic issues and critical success factors (CSF) generated Talent Profile Data with personality preferences measured by MBTI and DISC test kits. The purpose of this study is to create a Business Unit Character Profile and Talent Personality Profile. The results of the study formed the personal character of talent 140 employees or 68% of the talent pool, Character Model Work units have been classified from external challenges in the work unit and issued a decree mutation promotion of top supervisors and basic managers 33 people who went up and 48 people up the level of the organization. Impacted performance improvement PLN East Java Distribution achieved the best performance (94.1) and NKO Value 95.0 in 2017.</em></p> Musthofa Musthofa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 74 84 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.786 Seleksi Pemimpin High Potential Talent Dengan Strategi Parenting Program <p><em>PT PLN (Persero) has the potential of lacking leaders at the Top Managers and Middle Managers level in the next 10 years. It caused by a very rapid organizational development and delay in the regeneration due to zero growth in 1996-2001 and the existing programs have not been able to meet the needs. </em> <em>To anticipate this, Parenting Program is proposed to be a mentoring and counseling program for High Potential (HiPO) Talen to become a future PLN’s leader with good character and excellent performance. This Program is applied by selecting employees who are in the HiPO criteria and constructed through the parenting program. This study resulted in the determination of Hipo Talent criteria and the criteria of the parent, as well as the proposed program in the form of flow chart and roadmap implementation, and program materials.</em></p> Albertus Prajartoro ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 85 91 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.846 Prediksi Performa Siswa Dengan Metode SAW (Simple Additive Weighting) <p><em>In the world of student education is an important component where the role of students is as someone who is psychologically ready to receive lessons or other input from the school, but each student has different performance and development, therefore it is important to do monitoring so that student performance will always be monitored by the school In addition, in the process of valuing education for students also needs to be done by giving an appreciation in the form of giving gifts or just giving words and motivation so that students are able to perform better in learning and participating in other activities at school, in terms of selecting students with good performance or those who have a very declining development using the school method not only assess students by one criterion but with several criteria in order to produce a decision that can be accepted by many people. Performance Students must also be monitored by the school or the related rights.</em></p> Harco Leslie Hendric Spits Warnars Arif Fahrudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 92 102 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.872 Perbandingan Seleksi Fitur Term Frequency & Tri-Gram Character Menggunakan Algoritma Naïve Bayes Classifier (Nbc) Pada Tweet Hashtag #2019gantipresiden <p><em>Towards an election year (elections) in 2019 to come, many mass campaign conducted through social media networks one of them on twitter. One online campaign is very popular among the people of the current campaign with the hashtag #2019GantiPresiden. In studies sentiment analysis required hashtag 2019GantiPresiden classifier and the selection of robust functionality that mendaptkan high accuracy values. One of the classifier and feature selection algorithms are Naive Bayes classifier (NBC) with Tri-Gram feature selection Character &amp; Term-Frequency which previous research has resulted in a fairly high accuracy. The purpose of this study was to determine the implementation of Algorithm Naive Bayes classifier (NBC) with each selection and compare features and get accurate results from Algorithm Naive Bayes classifier (NBC) with both the selection of the feature. The author uses the method of observation to collect data and do the simulation. By using the data of 1,000 tweets originating from hashtag # 2019GantiPresiden taken on 15 September 2018, the author divides into two categories: 950 tweets as training data and 50 tweets as test data where the labeling process using methods Lexicon Based sentiment. From this study showed Naïve Bayes classifier algorithm accuracy (NBC) with feature selection Character Tri-Gram by 76% and Term-Frequency by 74%,</em><em>the result show that the </em><em>feature selection Character Tri-Gram</em><em> better than </em><em>Term-Frequency</em><em>.</em></p> Arini - Arini Luh Kesuma Wardhani Dimas - Octaviano ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 103 114 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.878 Pemanfaatan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Surya Pada Gedung Bertingkat <p>Solar Power Plant is one of the New Renewable Energy power plants. Solar panels can produce unlimited amounts of electrical energy directly taken from the sun, with no rotating parts and no fuel. In this study are optimize solar power plants using hybrid systems with electricity companies and the use of semi-transparent solar panels in high rise buildings to meet the burden of the building. The research will discussed about use of solar power plants using semi-transparent solar panels in multi-storey buildings. The solar panel used for the facade is a semi-transparent solar panel makes its function become two, that is to produce electrical energy as well as glass through which sunlight and can see the view outside the building without reducing the building's aesthetic value. In this study is the value of solar radiation taken from west is the lowest value in November 1.4 Kwh can produce energy PLTS 3,855 Kwh and the highest solar radiation in July amounted to 3.75 Kwh can produce energy PLTS 10.331 Kwh. From the utilization of this PLTS system, Performance Ratio of 85% was obtained using study of 36 panels on the 3rd to 5th floors, this system can be said to feasible.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Tri Joko Pramono Erlina Erlina Zainal Arifin Jef Saragih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 115 124 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.888 Perancangan Sistem Smart Resto Mobile Reservation Client Server Multiplatform <p><em>Waroeng Steak And Shake is one of the favorite restaurants of Bekasi residents which in serving and payment ordering services is still using the manual method by taking notes on paper. This method is very ineffective because it still uses a lot of paper to record orders and cause long customer queues just to order food or pay for orders. Customers cannot provide special notes directly to the chef so orders are made according to standards. To overcome the problem of the length of the queue and the use of a lot of paper and customers can provide notes directly to the chef, the authors propose to design a smart resto mobile multiplatform server client-server system with the waterfall method. The author hopes that this method can be implemented well in the system of ordering service records directly to the chef and of course reduce the queue at Waroeng Steak And Shake restaurant in Bekasi</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Satria Satria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-25 2020-04-25 9 1 125 135 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.889 Studi Analisis Dampak Overload Transformator Terhadap Kualitas Daya Di PT. PLN(Persero) Up3 Pondok Gede <p><em>The population of the population in big cities, special areas of the big cottage growth continues to increase according to the BPS in 2015 amounted to 2,733,240 and increased in 2019 3,013,851. With an increasing population, it will increase electricity demand in the region. The JS 190 Distribution Station provided a significant increase in transformer loading which achieved a 95.75% loading presentation of a 200 kVA transformer capacity. Therefore it is necessary to improve by looking at these conditions, one of which is by doing an uprating transformer or adding a power transformer with a larger capacity to 400 kVA. From the results of the increase obtained loading results decreased to 52.75% which means the reversal transformer is one method that can be used to overcome the overload.</em></p> Samsurizal Samsurizal Benyamin Hadinoto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-26 2020-04-26 9 1 136 142 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.784 Optimalisasi Daya Mesin Diesel Common Rail <p><em>This research aims is to increase engine power by raising the air temperature and fuel temperature into the engine and its effect on the resulting of SFC. Diesel engines that are use turbocharger, the air temperatures have increased but the fuel temperature is still fixed. The problem is how if the air temperature and fuel temperature are raised whether the engine power will increase and the SFC will change. This study was conducted with experiments using a car that the air temperature is adjusted up to 100oC and the fuel temperature that goes into the engine is made a maximum of 70oC. The test results show that with rising air temperatures and fuel temperatures going into the average power engine will raise and save fuel, power and saving SFC occurs at 90°C and 70oC fuel. Rotation of engine that can produce power and fuel-efficient is at around 2000 rpm.</em></p> Ridwan Djohari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-03-31 2020-03-31 9 1 143 153 10.33322/kilat.v9i1.749